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Potential applications of olivine in Oman
At some time in the future, the production of oil and natural gas will come to an end, and Oman is therefore looking for alternatives to diversify its industrial base. The largest, but as yet barely touched natural commodity is olivine, as Oman’s major mountain chain is the world’s largest ophiolite complex. In the struggle against climate change proposals for direct injection of CO2 into the olivine rich rocks in Oman have already been published. CO2, together with water, will react with olivine and form stable carbonates. By this method large volumes of CO2 can be sustainably captured. The rate of reaction will increase in response to the release of the considerable heat of reaction, which will heat the rock. It is expected that this uneven heating may crack the rocks further, making them more accessible to fluid injection.